ISSN 2073-3380 (Print)

List of issues > Series «Political Science and Religion Studies». 2018. Vol. 24

Impact of Great Khan Chauvinism Criticism on Nation-Building Process in PRC

A. B. Rinchinov
The article deals with the impact of the “Chinese nation” and “Great Khan chauvinism” concepts on the process of nation-building in China after the Xinhai Revolution of 1911. The author points out that since the establishment of the PRC in 1949 Sun Yat-sen’s pro-khan early ideas of were under the unwritten ban. At the same time, due to powerful ideological influence of the Soviet Union China began constructing a “new historical community” where criticism of “Great-Khan chauvinism” by the officials became the keystone of the construction process. It was pointed out that the concept of civil nationalism prevailed over the ethnic nationalism in the CPC’s official rhetoric. The author has come to a conclusion that despite antagonism during the Cold War period the PRC, being the Leninist type state, is subject of similar processes as the Soviet Union including increasing alienation from national policy.
For citation:
Rinchinov A.B. Impact of Great Khan Chauvinism Criticism on Nation-Building Process in PRC. The Bulletin of Irkutsk State University. Series Political Science and Religion Studies, 2018, vol. 24, pp. 33-40. https://doi.org/10.26516/2073-3380.2018.24.33 (in Russian)
China, nation-building, chauvinism, nationalism, inter-ethnic relations, national policy, Mao Zedong thoughts

1. Avarin V. Ja. Bor'ba za Tihij okean: Agressija SShA i Anglii, ih protivorechija i osvoboditel'naja bor'ba narodov [Fight for the Pacific: US and England aggression, their contradictions and people’s liberation wars]. Moscow, 1952, 672 p. (in Russian)

2. Kychanov E.I. O nekotoryh problemah nacional'noj politiki v KNR [About problems of PRC national policy]. Materials of scientific conference dedicated to 50th Anniversary of PRC. St. Petersburg, 1999, pp. 34–37. (in Russian)

3. Mao Z. Kritikovat' velikohan'skij shovinizm [Criticize great-han chauvinism]. Mao Zedong Selected works. Beijing, 1967, vol. 5, pp. 98-100. (in Russian)

4. Mao Z. O desjati vazhnejshih vzaimootnoshenijah [On the ten major relationships]. Mao Zedong Selected works. Beijing, 1967, vol. 5, pp. 340-368. (in Russian)

5. Osnovnye normativnye akty o mestnyh organah gosudarstvennoj vlasti i gosudarstvennogo upravlenija KNR [Main acts and legislation of local governments and state executives of PRC]. Moscow, 1959, pp. 41-42. (in Russian)

6. Sladkovskij M. I., Krivcov V. A., Altajskij M. L., Feoktistov V. F. Idejno-politicheskaja sushhnost' maoizma [Ideological essence of maoism]. Moscow, 1977, 443 p. (in Russian)

7. Syroezhkin K.L. Reglamentacija mezhjetnicheskih otnoshenij v KNR: teorija i praktika (50–80-e gody) [Regulation of interethnic relations in PRC: theory and practice (50’s – 80’s)]. Moscow, 1997, 238 p. (in Russian)

8. Zài mínzú zìzhìqū tuīxíng zìzhì zhèngcè de yōushì [In the national autonomous region to implement the advantages of self-government policy]. Politics and Law Journal, 1956, no. 1, pp. 8-10. (in Russian)

9. Esherick J., Kayalı H., Van Young E. Empire to nation: historical perspectives on the making of the modern world. Baltimore, Rowman & Littlefield;Publishers, 2006, 440 p.

10. New Progress in Human Rights in the Tibet Autonomous Region. Permanent Mission of the People's Republic of China to the UN. White Paper: 1998. Available at: http://www.china-un.org/eng/zt/xzwt/t418896.htm (date of access: 20.04.2018).

11. Xia Y. Engendering Contempt for Collaborators: Anti-Hanjian Discourse Following the Sino-Japanese War of 1937-1945. Journal of Women's History, 2013, vol. 25, no. 1. pp. 111-114.

12. Rich province, poor province. The Economist. Available at: https://www.economist.com/news/china/21707964-government-struggling-spread-wealth-more-evenly-rich-province-poor-province (date of access: 20.04.2018).

Full text (russian)