Theological Personality Self-Identification: Philosophical and Religious Analysis of the Study of Typoses (Typological Method) by Saint John Chrysostom. Part I
T. V. Peshkova, T. V. Bykova
The paper presents the study concerned with the concept of theological personality self-identification and gives philosophical and religious analysis of the writings by John Chrysostom, an Orthodox theologian of School of Antioch.
Conceptual basis of the study is the idea that religious consciousness of a person at the moment of ultimate experience of encountering with reality phenomena, which is thought to be sacred in religion philosophy, starts a new level of consciousness. Development and comprehension of a new structure takes place with repeated and continuous occasions of transcendental experience.
In the Orthodox Christian tradition hermit monks put method of mastering levels of excellence in hierarchically arranged process of reality cognition enabling a person to develop God communion ability. Hesychast monks gave this process the name of deification and identified the conditions under which this method is valid.
In his teaching of Typoses John Chrysostom interprets Christian experience in terms of developing new human consciousness in place of the Old Testament one. His typological method focuses on key characteristics and properties of forms of religious consciousness, gives insight into the process of achieving personal form of theological study.
hermeneutics, religious experience, deification, prophet, synergism, typos
235 Иоанн Златоуст+12