Radicalization of Youth in the Republic of Dagestan
Radicalism and the radicalization of youth is a threatening challenge to the development of the modern world. Dagestan is characterized by competition between “official Islam” and the Salafi Jamaats. Both Islamic religious movements are strong and have a large number of adherents. This paper shows how the Dagestan Muslim youth have evolved in radical structures, and seeks to foster a better understanding of the diffusion of radicalism in the North Caucasus. In the sociological study, with Dagestan Muslim youth being a major part of the sampling, the focus is on the process of radicalization and perception of radical ideology. The article examines the realities of the emergence of new religion identities and the rejection of traditional religion and boundaries in Islamic society. Religion for Dagestan Muslim youth is of special importance. The views of youth on religion are very different from the older generation’s ones. Official Islam is strong here. But the Salafi imams have gained popularity and influence among young people as well. There are a great number of people that are volatile between traditional Islam and Salafism and these people are going to be contested for.