Ideological and Political Interpretation of Neo-Liberal Paradigm
Yu. A. Zulyar
The article presentsthe analysis of ideological discourse of Western liberal political thought. Actors behind the political class that came to power in the early 1990s were in favor of de-ideologization. “Democratization” doctrine thought to have no ideological component was suggested as quasi-ideology.
In the international scene “world social revolution” doctrine gave way to “world democratic revolution”. Global modernization course was taken up. In the most radical aspect modernization paradigm is presented by transitology.
At the same time globalization paradigm is driven home, legitimizing cultural and political concept of global liberalism that proclaims universality of microsystem economy principles, which partly aligns it with transitology.
“Global governance” concept is actively promoted, with no global master power being formally present, clearly stated universal goals are defined. And supra-national interference into public policy takes place to achieve these goals.
As an intermediary phase in creating such kind of society introducing a concept of regional integration oriented on “de-nationalization” (more truly “de-sovereignization”) of political space is suggested.
Political integration may have another long-run objective, which is creating political society lacking state reference. This goal is achieved through communication integration of political actors. In this context state-oriented world is a mere content.
The theory of modernization gives way to the hypothesis of multi-factor changes, rationalizing Janus-faced process of globalization/localization of national fields of politics. The hypothesis blurs global political space, making it socially and culturally fragmented, and giving no possibility to reveal predominant tendency in global politics. Thus primary function of politics, that of governing and consolidating heterogeneous societies, is denied.
paradigm, science, ideology, de-ideologization concept, transitology paradigm, liberal globalization, theory of “world order global governing”, region and communication integration, theory of multi-factor changes