ISSN 2073-3380 (Print)

List of issues > Series «Political Science and Religion Studies». 2020. Vol. 31

The Problem of Environmental Migration in Terms of the Concepts of Environmental Management and Environmental Diplomacy

E. R. Abieva

The issue of climate change carries important ethical and social elements. In this paper, the author proposed a comprehensive model for managing the issue of environmental migration at the international, governmental and local levels. Universal scientific research methods have been used: the literary analysis of the writings of Russian and foreign scientists, the review of the existing approaches and concepts involved in the management of environmental migration. The concept of “an environmental migrant” and alternative terms have been clarified. Three key factors causing environmental migration have been revealed. Addressing the problem of environmental migration the global community should combat not only the consequences of environmental disasters and subsequent migration dynamics, but also prevent their occurrence and minimize a negative impact on the social, economic and environmental spheres in advance. Together, these measures can contribute to the development of the most acceptable and effective way for successful coordination and addressing the problems of environmental migration of population at the international, governmental and regional levels.

About the Authors

Abieva Elliana Ramisovna, Postgraduate Student, Faculty of International Relations and Politics, Saint Petersburg State University, 7/9, Universitetskaya embankment, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation, e-mail: abievae@list.ru

For citation

Abieva E.R. The Problem of Environmental Migration in Terms of the Concepts of Environmental Management and Environmental Diplomacy. The Bulletin of Irkutsk State University. Series Political Science and Religion Studies, 2020, vol. 31, pp. 36-44. https://doi.org/10.26516/2073-3380.2020.31.36 (in Russian)

climate change, ecological migration, involuntary displacement, environmental refugees, sustainable development, environmental management, environmental diplomacy
  1. Evtushenko V.I. Ekologicheskaya migraciya kak sostavnaya chast sistemi zashishennosti cheloveka b obespecheniya ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti. [Environmental migration as an integral part of human security system and environmental safety]. Lex Russica, 2016, vol. 6 (115), pp. 158-169. (in Russian)
  2. Ivanov D.V., Bekyashev D.K. Ekologicheskaya migraciya naseleniya: mezhdunarodno-pravovye aspekty [Ecological migration of the population: international legal aspects]. MGIMO University. Moscow, Aspekt Press Publ., 2013, 174 p. (in Russian)
  3. Markova E.Yu. Mejdunarodno-pravovaya zashita ekologicheskih migrantov: Realii I perspektivi [International legal protection of environmental migrants: realities and prospects]. Aktualnie problem rossiyskogo prava, 2018, vol. 7 (92), pp. 209-217 (in Russian)
  4.  Trifonova T.A., Selivanova N.V., Il'ina M.E. Ekologicheskij menedzhment: uchebnoe posobie [Environmental management: student book]. Vladimir, Vladimir State University Press Publ., 2003, 291 p. (in Russian)
  5. Afifi T. Economic or environmental migration? The push factors in Niger. International Migration, 2011, vol. 49, pp. 95-124.
  6. Castles St. Environmental change and forced migration: making sense of the debate. UNHCR, 2002, 16 p.
  7. Goodhart M. Human rights: politics and practice. London, Oxford University Press, 2016, 528 p.
  8. Ferris E. Climate change, migration and the incredibly complicated task of influencing policy. Brookings Institution Conference on ‘Human Migration and the Environment: Futures, Politics, Invention, Durham, Durham University, 2015. vol. 1, pp. 234-240.
  9. Fröhlich C.J. Climate migrants as protestors? Dispelling misconceptions about global environmental change in pre-revolutionary Syria. Contemporary levant, 2016, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 38–50. 
  10. Kniveton D. et al. Climate Change and Migration: Improving Methodologies to Estimate Flows. Brighton, UK, International Organization for Migration, University of Sussex, 2008, 72 p. 
  11. Mayer B. The arbitrary project of protecting environmental migrants. Environmental migration and social inequality. Berlin, Springer, Cham, 2016, pp. 189-200.
  12. McAdam J. Climate change, forced migration, and international law. London, Oxford University Press, 2012, 340 p.
  13. Obokata R., Veronis L., McLeman R. Empirical research on international environmental migration: a systematic review. Population and environment, 2014, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 111-135. 
  14. Rigaud K.K. et al. Groundswell: Preparing for Internal Climate Migration. Washington, DC, World Bank, 2018, 222 p.
  15. Webber M., Barnett J. Accommodating migration to promote adaptation to climate change. Washington, DC, The World Bank, 2010, 256 p.

Full text (russian)