Blind Spots in the History of Renovationism in Yakutia
I. I. Yurganova
On the basis of introduced for the first time primary sources the history of renovationist split of Russian Orthodox Church in Yakutia in the late 1920s and early 1930s is considered. Brief historiography of the subject is presented. Its contintious issues are identified. Problem’s being understudied with regard to regional aspect is stressed. Personality of Yakutia eparchial eparches belonging both to Patriarchal and Renovationist church is highlighted. With Yakutia being far away from the center, Renovationism started up at the time when in the European part of the country its peak was behind. Establishment of renovationist community in Yakutsk is due to the activity of N. I. Vinokurov who was a clergyman by birth, master of rhetoric, polyglot, and had ecclesiastical education, charisma and enthusiasm. Having discredited himself by disgowning in the revolution times he was able to self-actualize among Renovationists and was elevated to the rank of archbishop. Conditions giving rise to Renovationist communities in Yakutsk are shown its administrative structure is specified. Some information concerning Patriarchal clergy in the city during the period under study is revealed. The fact that clergy being deprived of its rights was in a difficult situation and sense of insecurity of the future made clergy switch to Renovationism. As history shows this didn’t help former clerical order members escape repression since both those who defrocked themselves and those who turned to Renovationism were regarded as «counter-revolutionaries» by the Soviet power and were subject to isolation or execution. Spreading out across the county and in Yakutia as well the struggle of the Renovationists with «old church» revealed major weaknesses of the former ones, which made the Soviet government lose its interest to Renovationism and consequently abolish it.
Renovationism, Renovationists, «old church», «Tikhonite» Church, archbishop N. I. Vinokurov, Yakut ASSR, Yakutsk, metropolitan church administration