The Antinomy of the Sacred and the Profane in the Philosophical Discourse: a Tourist or a Pilgrim?
The main concept of the antinomy of the sacred and the profane in the context of philosophical reflections about belonging of modern pilgrim searching for spirituality spiritual to the category of «a traveler» or «a pilgrim» is revealed. The author points out that a variety of ideas concerning the sacred has created a variety of approaches in understanding of pilgrimage and religious tourism as a religious practice. The problem of misunderstanding of the key categories and concepts is paid attention to. There is gradual blurring of «boundaries» between pilgrimage and tourism not only in academics, but in everyday life, as in the post-secular society the sacral is perceived as spiritual or objective certainty in terms of its significance for humans. Either spiritual goals or hedonism are the main motives for the travel and the watershed of religious tourism, both of mass tourism in general and of pilgrimage. The example of Europe is cited, where the places of worship have long been used as a tourist destination, and local authorities consider them as additional profit source. In conclusion, the author point outs that tourism and pilgrimage today are strongly associated with the tertiary activity geared to sacred places.